1292 Tax Roll produces interesting occupations

I found a link to this on Bat in the Attic’s blog and I have to say that if these surnames were derived by occupation, some of these occupations are pretty interesting:
  • woodland law judge
  • low life (LOL suck to get stuck with that as a family name!)
  • doctor who treats patients (are there ones that don’t???)
  • log floater
  • dried hemp seller (Woody Harrelson’s ancestor?)
  • wood measurer (that’s a job?)
  • hairdo-support maker
  • wine price cryer for taverns (I wonder if he charges more than a regular cryer)
  • notions maker (something to do with sewing)
  • used clothes seller (monsieur goodwill)
  • sand/gravel extractor (extracted from what exactly??)

I imported the data into an Excel sheet and found that more numerous surnames, so we could derive that these were most likely the more common occupations in the city at the time. Below I copied over the surnames with 50+ (male) persons listed. I guess goodwill has been around a long time!

Masculine

No.

Feminine

No.

Meaning

cordoanier

222

cordoaniere

4

Cordovan leather shoe maker

peletier

209

peletiere

5

leather and fur seller

barbier

150

barbiere

1

barber

çavetier

139

çavetiere

1

cloth roller

tailleeur

123

taillerresse

1

tailor

orfevre

115

orfaverresse

1

goldsmith

ferpier

112

ferpiere

9

used clothes seller

maçon

102

maçonne

2

mason

charpentier

88

charpentiere

7

carpenter

fournier

86

fourniere

8

public baker

tavernier

86

innkeeper

courraier

78

courraiere

3

leather/silk/silver belt maker

fevre

74

smith

regratier

74

regratiere

46

foodstuff reseller

tesserant

73

tesserande

9

weaver

tounelier

70

cooper

pataier

64

pataiere

4

pastry maker & seller

mercier

63

merciere

7

haberdasher

chandelier

61

chandeliere

10

tallow candle maker

talemelier

61

talemeliere

1

bread baker-seller

chaucier

59

chauciere

2

illustrator

porteeur d’yaue

58

water-carrier

cousturier

57

cousturiere

46

tailors; dressmaker

clerc

53

clergesse

1

clerk: clergy below priest level

vallet

53

personal/court/royal attendant

munier

51

muniere

5

miller

selier

51

saddler

gueinier

50

gueinniere

2

sheath/scabbard maker

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